Loco pilot a Dream job ! how to become a Assistant Loco pilot ?

 Loco pilot a Dream job !

       Loco pilot -job-is now - a- days increasing popularity among the youths and job seekers. Most of youth fascinated by driving at Train. With arrivals of Express trains, superfast trains and metro trains ,the job of Loco pilot has become popular among the job seekers.  With a handsome salary and other facilities provided by Railway to Loco pilots,most of the youths dreams to be a Loco pilot and love to drive their dream Trains.

 Most of the job seekers and train lovers always ask on internet ,how to become a Loco pilot ? 

How to become a Loco pilot ?

In RAILWAY there is no option to join directly as a Loco Pilot and Drive the train directly . You have to join as a Assistant Loco Pilot as initially then after 5 to 6 years of service you may be promoted to Loco Pilot. Different Railway Recruitment Board are conducting ALP examination from time to time. Selection process for ALP includes written test followed by psychology test and medical test.


Educational Qualification

Candidates should have the Technical /Educational Qualification of 1) Matriculation or H.S.E with I.T.I in fitter,welder,Electrician,Diesel Mechanic,Electronics  Instrument,Turner,Machinist,Heat Engine,Refrigeration or AC Mechanic by NCVT /SCVT or 2) Diploma /Degree in mechanical,Electrical,Electronics, Telecommunication, Automobile Engineering OR equivalent branch from recognized Institute /University .

Medical Standard

Medical standard of A1 catagory with Vision of 6/6 in both eyes with out glasses. Must pass tests of color vision.


 Level 02 of 7 th CPC pay matrix with initial pay of 19990/ plus other allowances as admissible .

AGE --18-28 Years with age relaxation of 5 years for SC/ST , 3 years for OBC and 3 years for EX-Servicemen .


 There are be two stages of examination First stage CBT and second stage CBT. Those qualified in second stage CBT have to undergo computer Based Aptitude Test .

COMMON Questions  ASKED  LIKE ;1) Can I become an Assistant Loco Pilot after my BBA 2) Can a CSE Student be eligible for a Loco Pilot.

  For all above inquiry please visit qualification required for ALP.


 Actually two numbers of Loco pilots are not used in cab for driving the Train. Two numbers we are seeing in a Engine cab are ,one is Loco pilot who is actually drives the train and another one is Assistant loco pilot ,who assists the loco pilot in their duty. The duty of a Loco pilot involve very watchful and risk full. A minor mistake can do a major disasters. During duty of Loco pilot, he has to watchful to track,OHE,Signals of his line and simultaneously a great watch to adjacent line OHE,Rail and train passing in a safe manner or not.

 Also train services are continuing in 24*7 days. Most of time loco pilot to work in night time,so assistant is very much needed.

Besides that there are other duties imposed on ALPs, during emergency time he has a great role for protecting the track, troubleshooting during loco failures and lots more....

Again to be a loco pilot to drive a train required lots more experience . A direct recruit person can not posted to drive a train because there is no second chance or excuse to Loco pilot. Most risk full and important post as Loco pilot required much more experience. So a Assistant loco pilot gains much more experience and challenges arrived during his course of duty, before worked as Loco pilot.


Pneumatic circuit of electric Locomotives

Pneumatic Circuits.

Initially pressure is created by MCPA to raise panto and to close DJ. After MCPA starts and create pressure in RS reservoir when RAL coc is in open position. To create pressure in RS,five drain cocks should in closed condition (CPA d/c,RS d/c,RDJ d/c,DJ oil separator d/c and panto pipe line d/c).MCPA can create pressure up to 8 kg/ cm2 since SS1 safey valve is provided. The amount of RS pressure created in RS can be seen in RS gauge. After creating RS pressure to 6.5 kg/ cm2 raise panto,close DJ ,close BLCP. According to HCP position,MCP start. Three compressors are provided to deliver compressed air at 9.5 kg/ cm2 to system via respective NRVs, after cooler,CDC with d/c,MR1 with d/c,MR2 with d/c, through NRV,MR3 with d/c, MR4 with d/c,CDC with d/c and MR4 cock.
Each MCP is provided with one inter cooler safety valve set at 5.5 kg/ cm2 and independent safety valve set at 11 kg/ cm2 ,which is provided on delivery pipe line before NRV. Pneumatic system is provided with SS2 safety valve set at 10.5 kg/ cm2 which is provided between MR2 and MR3.

Usage of MR1 and MR2 pressure.
  MR1 feeds MR2 reservoir and further it passes through air dryer to the following.

1) Through duplex check valve ( set at 4.9 kg/ cm2) goes to MR equalising pipe,from MR equalising pipe pressure goes to Sanders,wipers to feed pipe and also to F1 selector Valve Port no 15. In between MR2 and MR equalising pipe connection is given to air intake cock through NRV.
2) This pressure also charges MR3.
3) To RGCP for cut in and cut out compressors.
4)  To VEAD for auto draining of MR1 and MR2 moisture when MR pressure reaches to 9.5 kg/ cm2.

Usages of MR3 Pressure.

1) Through an NRV this pressure is charged to MR4 and CR.
2) For charging BP pressure.

Usages of MR4 pressure:

     This pressure after passing through CDC and MR4 cock is supplied to..
2) Both cabs A9 inlet.
3) Both cabs SA9 supply.
4) HS4 valve.
5) VA1 release valve.
6) MU2B port no. 63.
7) HB5 valve.
8) C2B valve.
9) C3W valve.
10) VEF ( E)
11) VEF ( M)

Usages of control Reservoir pressure:

    This pressure through a CDC is supplied to
1) SMGR operation.
2) Through EP1 COC to BA1 panel.
3) Through EP1 COC to BA1 panel.
4) Through EP2 COC to BA2 & BA3 panels.
5) Through EP3 COC to BA4 panel .
6) through R1 COC to RS reservoir, DJ assembly and panto pipe line.

Usages of RS pressure

1) To raise panto.
2) To close DJ.
3) To close C118.

What is Flasher Light and use of Flasher Light ?


  It is an emergency warning light fitted on the roof of the Loco by the side of the head light. Flasher light works on 110 V DC battery . When a Loco pilot senses an emergency ,he should switch the flasher light 'ON ' & OFF' switch ,provided on the Flasher light control box. When the switch is put 'ON' the light starts flickering in 2 seconds ,interval with an amber/orange colour to attract the attention of an approaching trains Loco pilot of the other line to stop for any obstruction.
There is a automatic system for glowing Flasher light in emergency situation . If  Loco pilot forgot to switch ON flasher light then it will automatically ON to avoid any unusual situation or accident.


1) During sudden jerk on run with drop of BP pressure of the train.
2) Sudden increase in airflow indicator (gauge).
3) During train parting/derailment of train.
4) During OHE failure or it is required to send information through the opposite line's train Loco pilot.
5) When S/L is introduced on D/L absolute block system and train is running on wrong line.
6) While LE will go to open the communication in S/L total interruption.
7) Coaching trains when stops in block sections out of course.


 Soon after the Loco pilot of the train coming from the opposite direction finds that flasher light is glowing ,he shall immediately take action by applying emergency brake if required and stop his train ,short of the flasher light to avoid any mistake.

what are the duty timing & Rest schedules for Loco pilot/Assistant Loco pilot & GUARDS ?

 What are the duty timing and rest schedules for Loco pilot  and Assistant Loco pilot ?

There is no duty timing for railway Loco pilot/ ALP & GUARD . All they are known as running staff of railway. Normally after doing Off-duty at head quarter ,they avails 16 hrs rest and then after according to train order they called for duty, two hours before the train order. There is no schedule timing for these people. Sometimes they get more rest and sometimes they called for duty exactly in 16 hrs. All their on duty & off-duty are done in CMS system in all over India.

Normally LP/ALP & GUARD work a train from their headquarters station to another station . After arriving at destination they take Rest in Running Room provided for them in different crew changing points. Minimum of 8 hrs rest is given in out station and after completion of schedule rest they are called for duty to work another train towards headquarter direction or another station . Sometimes they stay 60 to 72 hrs from out of headquarters.

After 6 days of working they are eligible for one Periodic Rest of 30 hrs, but always not possible to take PR exactly in 6 days because if someone booked for train after 5 days of working then after returning to Headquarter it will cross to 7 or 8 days.

During acute position of  staffs these people are called for duty during periodic Rest also.

During festival times or during more movement of Trains PR and Leaves are restricted by supervisors/ officers for Running Staffs from time to time.

Always running staff duty is stressful and rest less life .

All running staff avails  1) 10 days casual leave 2) 30 days LAP 3) 20 days LAHP in a year.

Who is a Loco Pilot and why railway Engine Drivers called LOCO PILOT ?What are the Duties of a loco pilot ?



    LOCO PILOT means the ENGINE Driver or any other competent Railway servant for the time being in charge of driving a Train. A Loco pilot are who is responsible for driving a Train. Loco pilot is nothing but the Driver of a Railway locomotive or Engine. Loco stands for Locomotives or Engine and who pilot's or drives the Loco is known as LOCO PILOT.

Why Railway Engine Drivers are called LOCO PILOT ?

Drivers are those who drives any vehicle with his own mind or requirement but a Loco pilot can not do same ,he has to only pilot's /obeys the signals and instructions and act accordingly. He has no authority to drive the Train with his own mind and requirements.  A Railway Engine drivers called Loco pilot because he only pilot's or obeys the signal aspects and instructions ans act accordingly , actually controlling and driving of Trains done by section controllers ,who deputed at divisional control office.


     Railway Loco pilot are the most important person in executing the huge task of transporting passengers and Freights. The job of a Loco pilot demands hard work and great presence of mind along with courage to handle in diverse condition. The duty of a Loco pilot involves very watchful and alertness of mind. He has to work in day-night,summer, winter,rainy,cyclone, strom and in festival time also.

Some of important duties of a Loco pilot.

* All LP/ALP has to update with new circulars,safety bulletin, technical circulars,caution orders ,chalk parts etc.

* Before starting he has to check the Engine & train in quick time in crew changing point. Any repairing needed he should immediately inform to on duty Traction Loco controller and act accordingly.

* Check brake pipe pressure continuity test with Guard .

* Before starting ensure proper signals are taken off for him.

* Loco pilot /ALP has to check different oil levels . In diesel loco ,diesel oil ,lube oil ,compressor oil, water level and in electric loco he has to check transformer oil,GR oil,compressor oil etc.

* A Loco pilot drives different types of Locomotives like Diesel ,Electric Loco,Three phase loco, WAG 12  MEMU, EMU etc ,so he has to always update with different locomotives and their troubleshooting .

* Loco pilot/ALP has to observe strictly to all signals aspects in their route and act accordingly .

* Loco pilot/ ALP has to troubleshoot during Locomotive failures in sections.

* Loco pilot must have sharp look out to track ,OHE, Signals and observes all  permanent and temporary speed restrictions during run to his line and simultaneously he has give a sharp look out to adjacent lines OHE, Track and train running safely in adjacent lines.

* Duty of a Loco pilot is very much strenuous ,he has to work 400 kms to 500 kms at a stretch without any fault in high speed trains and during the run he can not even release his urinal pressure.

* There is no timing for Loco pilot to take his breakfast, lunch or dinner .

* In Indian railway, no employee required to update his knowledge other than his department ,whereas a LP/ALP must have not only the knowledge of his train operation but also must have knowledge about P.WAY, TRAFFIC, S& T, SAFETY ,ROLLING STOCK, C& W and Commercial  department etc.

* During derailment and accident LP/ALP plays important role for saving the life's of Passengers and  protecting railway property.



   In addition to the engine crew,the following persons may ride on the engine or any driving compartment of EMU trains or of electric or diesel locomotive .

1) An officer holding a metal pass.

2) An officer or inspector whose pass is specially endorsed by the Chief Electrical Engineer /Chief Mechanical Engineer/Divisional Railway Manager .

3) Guards in an emergency .

4) Traffic staff when performing shunting or when piloting .

5) Staff proceeding to attend an accident .

6) Normally not more than (03 Three) persons other than the Engine Train crew shall be permitted to travel in the cab.



Minimum permissible Brake power.

(Ref- R.B No - 2018/M(N)/951/34 dt. 24.05.19)


BPC for a freight train is issued after examination in goods checking yards by JE/SSE/C&W.


1) Ordinary 'END TO END' BPC.





1) Ordinary 'END TO END' Air Brake take.

Validity: Examination loading- unloading,i.e one time loading.

BRAKE POWER :- Originating :90% and En-route -75%.


* No destination mentioned on the BPC of the BPC of loaded train.

* Train composition is changed by 10 four wheeler unit/ 04 wagons or more.

* Train is stabled More than 24 hrs in train examination yard.


VALIDITY :- 12 days for multiple loading i.e loading to be done with in 12,+3 days grace period in loading condition.

BRAKE POWER:- Originating station minimum 95%. And En-route not specified.


* Rake integrity is disturbed by More than 04 eight wheeled wagons.

* Train is stabled More than 24 hours in train examination yard.


> After lapse of 12 days,rake to be offered as empty for examination at the first nominated intensive examination point in the direction of train movement.

> After lapse of 15 days,rake either empty or loaded shall be offered for examination at the first examination point in the direction of movement.

> Premium BPC shall be issued from the nominated 'A' catagory Depot.

> Normal END TO END' BPC shall be issued if the rake is not offered for examination in empty condition or at nominated'A' category examination point.

> After each loading/ unloading the rake shall be subjected to GDR check.

3) CLOSE CIRCUIT RAKE - Only Air brake stock


1) C .C Rake ( A category ) : 6000 kms/30 days whichever is earlier.

2) Premium C.C Rake (Spl. Acategory): 7500 kms /35 days whichever is earlier.

      Brake power: Originating 100% and En route :90%.


* Rake is not running in nominated circuit.

* Rake is stabled more than 24 hours at examination station.

* Rake has completed either stipulated KMs or days.

* More than 04 eight wheeled wagons are replaced /changed.


 * Rake shall be offered at its nominated 'A' category base depot only.

* Rake shall be formed off POH /ROH wagons only.

* After each loadind/unloading ,the rake shall be subject to GDR.

* BPC shall be revalidated by C&W staff wherever TXR staff is provided.

* Wagons to be attached shall be good examined wagons.


VALIDITY :-  6000 KMS/30 days circuits.

BRAKE POWER : Originating : 100% .En route : 90%.

Condition for invalid BPC.

* Rake has completed either stipulated Kms or days.

* Rake is not running in nominated circuit.


* Rake integrity is to be maintained.

* Revalidation of BPC by TXR staff after every unloading/ loading.

* Rake shall be formed from new wagons or off POH/ROH.


 * The material train is checked in an empty condition.

* BPC is issued for 30 days.

* Brake power while issuing should be 90%.

* Brake power in-route should be 70%.

* BPC will be kept under the custody of the BTC.


* For a coaching train BPC is issued after examination in pit line by JE/SSE/C&W.

* Brake power should be 100 %.


1) SINGLE BPC :  This BPC is issued for the single trip only to long distance express trains which earn more than 3500 Kms in both up & down directions put together .

example :1019/1020 konark exp. from mumbai to bhubaneswar .

BPC issued at mumbai to bhubaneswar and after secondary maintenance at bhubaneswar is valid from bhubaneswar to mumbai.

2) RETURN BPC: This BPC is issued for both up and down trips to express trains which earn less than 3500 kms in both up and down directions put together . NO secondary maintenance is required ,only platform attention required in return journeying.

3) ROUND BPC:  This BPC is issued for short distance express and passenger trains which earn less than 3500 kms or 4 days whichever is earlier for lavatory trains and 7 days for non-lavatory trains.

Air Flow Indicator of Air Brake System.

Air Flow Indicator

 Air flow Indicator is a gauge provided in driver's CAB (in control stand). Air Flow Indicator is one of the most important equipment in locomotive for air brake train operation. It is a safety equipment and a very important aid to the Loco pilot in providing indication of train air brake conditions. It helps in giving positive indication of

1)  Fully charged air brake system of train.

2) BP leakage conditions of the train.

3) Release of brake after application.

4) Indication to LP in case of ACP.

5) Indication to LP,in case of train parting.

6) Closing of Angle COC in train en-rout after train system is fully charged.


 Air Flow Indicator device in Air Brake System is one of the most commonly used device all over the world,to give an idea of total system leakage in brake pipe and to indicate general conditions of train air brake system. In fact the indication of the Air flow is the criteria to decide whether the train is fit to proceed or not.

Air flow Indicator gives the driver's, indication about whether any excess air flow is taking place in the system or not.

Whether train brakes have got released and also whether there is partial BP on train.

    There are two Needless on the Indicator Gauge - One White and other is RED.

White needle -- 

   This is provided to indicate the normal BP airflow of 5 Kg/cm2. After charging the full BP , this white needle will be stable automatically. During train parting on air brake stock this needle will shoot up to indicate the air flow, in addition with glowing of lamp LSAF. A pressure Governor switch RGAF actuates it.

RED Needle

After charging normal BP this Red needle is to be set online with the white needle in order to indicate the shooting of white needle to train parting or any other reason in air brake stock.

 Air flow Indicator comprise of an pressure dial gauge type of instrument with a white pointer that registers against a scale on the dial together with a reference pointer attached to a knurled knob, which attached through the dial glass so that it can be set manually in any desired position. The instrument is connected to the air flow measuring valve through train pipe line connection and the position of the Indicator pointer against the scale provides a visual indication of the amount of air Flowing to the BP pipe. This scale is not calibrated in units of air flow but in number of wagons. The dial has graduation from '0' to 100 in step of '10' & beyond '100'. There's an uncalibrated sector i.e a blank range equipment to an Arc of about same Angle in that way the 60 mark correspondence to the maximum rate of air flow that can be accepted to over come leakage in a 60 wagons train keeping in view that the maximum brake pipe leakage rate permitted is 0.25 kg/ cm2 per minute.

what to do when BP Pressure Over Charging ?


    There is possibility for over charging of BP pressure in the system. In such a case ,clear the section ,carefully and stop the train in next station with single application of brakes.

1)  Do not try to reset from A9 feed valve ,it will create serious trouble in braking system.

2) Close BP angle cock in rear of the locomotive. ( load site )

3) Change the cab .If BP pressure becomes normal,conclude working cab A9 feed valve is defective. Work from rear cab with necessary precautions.

4) On changing the cab also if BP pressure is excess, conclude C2A relay valve is defective .TAP C2A gently and try.If become normal,operate A9 for several times and confirm working normal. If still un-successful ,ask for relief engine

The duties of welfare Inspectors in Indian Railways


1) It is the duty of personnel and Welfare Inspector to contact labourers in the work place at least once in a week to get  the grievances of the staff and to be solved after contacting required officer.

2) It is the duty of Welfare Inspector has to educate the labourers regarding their rights.

3) He has to supervise various welfare activities such as Co-operative societies, canteens,child welfare,sports activities,welfare centers,Adult Education and to conduct holiday camps.

4) He has to explain about various staff welfare schemes and also help them to improve their living conditions as well as working systems.

5) To visit Railway colonies and inspect sanitation,water problems,light facilities and also maintenance of Railway Quarters.

6) To help labours by means of medical helps and to arrange medical camps.

7) To help Retiring staff in getting retirement,settlements,pension.

8) To help and solve all the matters of staff benefit fund.

9) To inspect stations,sheds.

10) To arrange Drama,shows,film shows regarding staff welfare.